What is NORM-REFERENCED TEST? What does NORM-REFERENCED TEST mean? NORM-REFERENCED TEST meaning. What is NORM-REFERENCED TEST? What does NORM-REFERENCED TEST mean? NORM-REFERENCED TEST meaning - NORM-REFERENCED TEST definition - NORM-REFERENCED TEST explanation.
Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.
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A norm-referenced test (NRT) is a type of test, assessment, or evaluation which yields an estimate of the position of the tested individual in a predefined population, with respect to the trait being measured. The estimate is derived from the analysis of test scores and possibly other relevant data from a sample drawn from the population. That is, this type of test identifies whether the test taker performed better or worse than other test takers, not whether the test taker knows either more or less material than is necessary for a given purpose.
The term normative assessment refers to the process of comparing one test-taker to his or her peers.
Norm-referenced assessment can be contrasted with criterion-referenced assessment and ipsative assessment. In a criterion-referenced assessment, the score shows whether or not test takers performed well or poorly on a given task, not how that compares to other test takers; in an ipsative system, test takers are compared to previous performance.
The same test can be used in both ways.
Robert Glaser originally coined the terms norm-referenced test and criterion-referenced test.
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